Answered By: Darcy Gervasio Last Updated: May 04, 2017 Views: 53346
The answer differs depending on which citation style you are using (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc). Below are instructions on citing e-books without page numbers in APA and MLA style. For other citation styles, visit the Purdue Owl or see Purchase College's general Citation Guide for more information about citing your sources correctly.
The APA Citation Guide from Purdue University (Purdue Owl) suggests the following for citing electronic books without page numbers:
"When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited. When an electronic document has numbered paragraphs, use the ¶ symbol, or the abbreviation "para." followed by the paragraph number (Hall, 2001, ¶ 5) or (Hall, 2001, para. 5). If the paragraphs are not numbered and the document includes headings, provide the appropriate heading and specify the paragraph under that heading. Note that in some electronic sources, like Web pages, people can use the Find function in their browser to locate any passages you cite."
Example 1: According to Smith (1997), psychosomatic symptoms can be alleviated with cognitive behavioral therapy (Mind over Matter section, para. 6).
Example 2: The author claims psychosomatic symptoms can be alleviated with cognitive behavioral therapy (Smith, 1997, Mind over Matter section, para. 6).
- This is very useful, and nicely presented, detail about citing "print-like" electronic sources without page numbers.
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